ECCS'14 Satellite Meeting "The Complex Brain", IMT - Lucca, September 24

IMT - Alti Studi, Lucca, Italy

CHAIRMAN: Andrea Gabrielli (GROWTHCOM Member)

In the last decades an impressive amount of new concepts, usually regrouped under a naively defined field of “complexity”, has been formulated in order  to explain a wide range of phenomena that could not be understood by the usual reductionist approach typical of most of theoretical physics and other “hard” sciences. New branches of theoretical physics and mathematics have been consequently started: multi-scale disordered systems, self-similar critical phenomena, self-organized criticality and complex networks among others, referring to the ensemble of all these fields as “complex systems” science. In spite of the wide diffusion of these new concepts and ideas, well beyond the original field of mathematics and theoretical physics, towards bio-medical, technological and socio-economical applications, a unified and systematic mathematical theory of complex systems is still lacking. In this context, due to its intimate relation with the aforementioned basic concepts of complexity, the human brain has immediately recognized as one of the most important and paradigmatic subject of investigation in the field of complex systems. However, a real, systematic and continuative collaboration between experts of the theory of  complex systems and experimental investigators of neurosciences and human brain structural and functional imaging is still substantially a the first steps. The human brain can be considered as a multi-level dynamical complex system, and its understanding is one of the most important challenges to modern scientific research. A better understanding of its functions is expected to be strongly helped from such a multidisciplinary approach and collaborations. On the other side this new research activity can also shed light on the function of other dynamical complex systems.